Lumbar Disc Hernia Surgery

Surgical options for lumbar disc herniation include endoscopic surgery, microscopic techniques, open disc removal, artificial disc surgery, laser surgery, and more

Lumbar Disc Hernia Surgery 2024 | Turk EasyLumbar Disc Hernia Surgery 2024 | Turk EasyLumbar Disc Hernia Surgery 2024 | Turk Easy

Lumbar Disc Herniation Surgery

Lumbar disc herniation is defined as the protrusion of the material located in the rings or discs of cartilage between the vertebrae of the spine. This viscous material helps absorb shocks that occur to the spinal column. When there is a tear in the fibers of the cartilage rings, it leads to pressure on the nerves in the spinal canal, accompanied by severe pain depending on the affected area of the spine.

What are the surgical methods for lumbar disc herniation?

Artificial Disc Surgery

In this procedure, the surgeon replaces damaged tissues and uses artificial parts, consisting of a metal piece with a rubber part, which functions like natural cartilage discs. The patient is fully anesthetized, then a small incision is made in the area of the herniated disc, and the duration of the operation varies between two to three hours depending on the degree of herniation. The patient can be discharged from the treatment center after a week of undergoing herniated disc surgery, with activities resumed within three months.

Microscopic Surgery

Microscopic surgery is used to treat lumbar disc herniation. The microscope is directed at the tissues to be dealt with, magnifying them, then the doctor makes a small incision in the skin and removes the fibrous tissues. Among the advantages of this method are that the doctor does not need to make a large incision, nor does it affect healthy tissues during surgery. Also, the pain after the operation is much less than with open surgery, and the recovery period is limited.

Open Surgery

The patient undergoes general anesthesia when performing open surgery for lumbar disc herniation, where the surgeon creates an incision of 3-4 cm in length at the hernia, with deep dissection of the tissue below the skin at the affected vertebrae or vertebra. Then, fibrous tissues and damaged cartilage between the vertebrae are removed, and the nerves are released from pressure, after which the surgeon closes the wound.

Laser Surgery

Laser surgery is one of the modern options among the types of lumbar disc herniation surgery. The entire surgery is monitored through the laser, where the doctor starts by making a very small incision in the area of pain, and then the site to be treated is imaged on a screen through the laser. This procedure can be performed under local anesthesia. Patients can be allowed to leave on the same day of the surgery.

What is lumbar disc herniation?
Lumbar disc herniation is a condition where the material inside the discs between the vertebrae in the lower back protrudes out, often pressing on nearby nerves and causing pain.
What are the surgical options for treating lumbar disc herniation?
Surgical options include endoscopic surgery, microscopic techniques, open disc removal, artificial disc surgery, laser surgery, and more.
How long does it take to recover from lumbar disc herniation surgery?
Recovery time varies depending on the type of surgery and individual factors. Generally, patients can resume normal activities within a few weeks to a few months after surgery.

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