Aortic Valve Replacement

Replace or repair the aortic valve is a complex cardiac surgery aiming to restore heart muscle function. Learn about types of heart valves, treatment options, and surgical considerations

Aortic Valve Replacement 2024 | Turk EasyAortic Valve Replacement 2024 | Turk EasyAortic Valve Replacement 2024 | Turk Easy

Replacement of the Aortic Valve

Repairing or replacing the aortic valve is among the classified procedures within deep heart surgeries, to restore the mechanism of the heart muscle promptly. Upon the contraction of the heart muscle, blood is pushed through the pulmonary and aortic valves. Deoxygenated blood passes through the pulmonary valve into the right ventricle towards the lungs for carbon dioxide removal and blood purification. The purified blood returns to the left atrium, then to the left ventricle through the mitral valve, then to the aorta, and from there to the body tissues. The aortic valve controls the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. In the normal state, this valve should close after blood passage, in preparation for a new heartbeat and the cycle repeats.

What are the types of heart valves?

Heart valves allow blood to flow in one direction across the atria to the ventricles or across the ventricles to the major heart arteries. These arteries include the pulmonary artery, which carries branches to the lungs, and the aorta, which carries branches to the body organs with oxygenated blood. The four heart valves are:

It is worth mentioning that the pulmonary and aortic valves are collectively referred to as semilunar valves, due to their crescent or arch-like shape.

What is the best option? Medical treatment? Repair? Or Replacement of the Aortic Valve?

Generally, the medical treatment option is the first choice for doctors, as it reduces the risk of infection and avoids the need for anticoagulants or blood thinners, which may have future side effects. Repair or replacement of the aortic valve comes in subsequent stages.

The choice between treatment, repair, or replacement depends on the nature of the defect in the aortic valve. Some cases require surgical intervention without delay, as it may pose a risk to the patient's life. Additionally, the patient's age and overall health should be considered when opting for surgical intervention. For example, some patients may have kidney or lung problems, making surgery risky in such cases.

Some patients may have multiple heart defects, and surgical intervention may be the best option to eliminate all defects, including repairing or replacing the aortic valve. For example, in cases requiring redirection of the heart's path, this may be accompanied by defects or abnormalities in the aortic valve, which can be addressed during surgery.

There are cases where surgical intervention is aimed at repairing the aortic valve, and generally, this type of operation is more challenging than replacement surgeries and requires extensive expertise from the doctors.

What is aortic valve replacement surgery?
Aortic valve replacement surgery is a procedure to replace a diseased or damaged aortic valve with a new artificial valve.
How long does it take to recover from aortic valve replacement surgery?
Recovery time can vary, but most patients can expect to spend several days to a week in the hospital and may need several weeks to months to fully recover.
What are the risks associated with aortic valve replacement surgery?
Risks include infection, bleeding, blood clots, valve malfunction, and adverse reactions to anesthesia.

Read More
Venous Catheterization
Peripheral Artery Catheterization
Transposition of the Great Vessels
Tetralogy of Fallot
Bentall Procedure
Heart Valve Replacement
Mitral Valve Replacement
Heart Valve Surgery
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery